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Question Date :

Monday 4th July 2011 10:07

I have recently acquired a little book called Horae Sarisburienses. Far from being a book of hours according to the Sarum Use it is a collection of articles arranged into six numbered sections. Since the dedication, to the Revd G. Radcliffe, is signed by 'his grateful pupils' and the preface is inscribed 'to our schoolfellows in general', it must be a school magazine. What can you tell me about the book and the school, and is the book available in libraries, or is mine a one-off?

I am sure you are correct in your appraisal of it as a reprinted collection of issues of a school magazine: we do indeed have copies of the book. Although in size it is somewhere between a crown octavo and a foolscap octavo it is in fact a sexto, and quite similar in proportions to a duodecimo. The book was published by Kenneth Clapperton, a bookseller, bookbinder, printer and publisher who traded in Salisbury, from 1820 when he bought premises in Catherine Street until the mid- to late 1850s. One Francis Clapperton - presumably a relative - is listed in Kelly's Directory, 1855 (and only then), and Kenneth's son Walter is listed in that of 1859. Kenneth Clapperton died in the autumn of 1859. His published works are few and far between. We hold the 'Horae' here and at the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, and three different editions of a little history of Salisbury, published anonymously but written by Henry Hatcher. It had the variant titles of 'An historical and descriptive account of Old and New Sarum, or Salisbury' and 'The history of Old Sarum … and the history of the city of Salisbury'. Only one edition has a publication date of 1834, but all three have the preface date of June 1834. Two of these editions were also sold by London booksellers, one by Mason, the other by Whittaker. Clapperton also launched a newspaper, the 'Wiltshire Standard', in 1833. It stood for "defence of Church, King and Constitution", but did not last long. Walter Clapperton took over the business on his father's retirement, and expanded the business to include a small circulating library and the production of fine art prints. The younger Clapperton has a claim to fame for the compilation and publication of the first Salisbury railway timetable, and, in 1860, a cyclopaedia entitled 'Clapperton's register of facts and occurrences relating to literature, the sciences and the arts'. The British Library holds, in addition to Hatcher's little history, a guide to Stonehenge, a map of Salisbury and a collection of 14 views of Salisbury, all published by Walter Clapperton in the 1850s. At Salisbury's Exhibition of 1852, Clapperton exhibited heraldic stationery, die-sinking and seal-engraving. His business continued until the 1880s.

With regard to Radcliffe, the dedicatee of your volume, we are on somewhat firmer ground. George Radcliffe, born in 1770 or 1771 was the second son of John Radcliffe of Acton, Cheshire. He entered Brasenose College, Oxford as a plebeian, and matriculated on 20 January 1789, aged 18, graduating BA in 1793, MA in 1807 and DD in 1818. He was appointed vicar of Chute in 1828, and prebendary of Yetminster Parva in the chapter of Salisbury from 1833 until his death on 26th July 1849. How much time Radcliffe spent in Chute I rather wonder, as he was also the chaplain to Bishop Thomas Burgess, and he ran a boys' boarding school in Castle Street, which was not the City Grammar School. He is listed in Pigot's directories from 1822 to 1844; in those for 1842 and 1844 his son, also George, is listed separately as a proprietor of a school in Castle Street, by which time both schools took day and boarding pupils. The 1841 census shows that George senior had 22 pupils. In the directories for 1848 (Kelly's) and afterwards, neither school is mentioned, while both father and son are listed amongst the gentry and clergy. George junior, having matriculated at the age of 15 in St Mary's Hall, Oxford in 1818, graduated BA in 1822 and MA in 1824. As well as being a schoolmaster he was, from 1837, the rector of St Edmund's, being listed thus on the 1851 census; he held the office until some time between 1855 and 1859. By 1861, when he was living in Kensington, Radcliffe was retired, being listed as a clerk in holy orders “without cure of souls”. He died on 20 May 1862.

Foster, J: Alumni Oxonienses, 1715-1886 vol. 3: Labouchere- Ryves (Oxford: J.Parker, 1891 and online via Ancestry.co.uk)

Hatcher, H.: An historical and descriptive account of Old and New Sarum, or Salisbury (Salisbury: Clapperton, 1834)

Hatcher, H.: Old and New Sarum, or Salisbury (London: Nichols, 1843)

Horae Sarisburienses. 2nd ed. (Salisbury: K. Clapperton, 1829)

Little, B.M.: A history of libraries in Salisbury, 1850-1920 (M.Phil dissertation, Polytechnic of North London, 1980)

Directories: Hunt, 1839; Kelly, 1848, 1855; 1859Pigot, 1822-1844.

Census returns:-

1841: HO 107/1190/7 fols 23v-24r, pp. 3-4 for Kenneth Clapperton and his family; HO 107/1190/1 fols 24v.-25r., pp. 15-16 for George Radcliffe senior; HO 107/1190/1 fol. 34r. p. 6 for the family of George Radcliffe junior

1851: HO 107/1841 fol. 211r. p. 8 for George Radcliffe junior; HO 107/1847 fol. 60v. p. 27 for Kenneth Clapperton.

1861: RG 9/1316 fol. 43r. p. 21 for Walter Clapperton; RG 9/22 fol. 57r. p. 39 for George Radcliffe junior.



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