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Wiltshire Community History

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Site of Rushall Manor House

Site of Rushall Manor House Date Photo Taken 2013
Uploaded 11/03/2015 16:40:45
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Map Latitude 51.301716504038794 : Longitude -1.8176043033599854
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Original Media Location: Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre

By the late 18th century Rushall manor included most of the land of the parish. Edward Poore was responsible for either replacing or enlarging the manor house and imparking the land around it. The form of the early manor house is not known but the later house stood behind the church while in front of it and to the west there were a lawn and ornamental gardens. To the north of the Avon behind the house some 37 acres of land were imparked. Enclosed pastures, amounting to some 47 acres, also lay in front of the house beyond the road and stretched to a track between the two north-south roads east and west of the village; shown clearly on the 1773 Andrews and Dury map, this track remains today only as a field boundary. These pastures stretched westwards to the edge of the Devizes to Andover road. A track led from the house and church to the western end of Upavon village; this has now disappeared.

The demesne farmstead and associated buildings were demolished between 1803 and 1838 and were replaced by 1842 by a bailiff's cottage and farm buildings known as France Farm in the south eastern corner of the parkland, with access by an ornamental stone bridge across the river. The bridge had formed part of the landscaping around the river, widened to form what the DoE listing of the bridge describes as an "ornamental lake". It has been suggested that the original name for the farm was Francis Farm, but local lore relates to the adoption of the name France Farm resulting from the fact that it could only be accessed by crossing water. Poore's manor house was demolished in 1840 and raised earthworks in the field to the west of the church are now the only remaining indication of its existence.

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